Volume 6, Issue 2 (Spring 2020)                   Caspian.J.Neurol.Sci 2020, 6(2): 108-123 | Back to browse issues page


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Aflakian M, Atashpour S H, Khayatan F. Developing the Schema Therapy Based on Obsessive-compulsive Disorder and Comparing With Cognitive-behavioral Therapy. Caspian.J.Neurol.Sci. 2020; 6 (2) :108-123
URL: http://cjns.gums.ac.ir/article-1-328-en.html
1- Department of Psychology, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
Abstract:   (311 Views)
Background: Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a type of anxiety disorder different
treatment, but its treatment is very difficult.
Objectives: This study aimed to develop schema therapy based on psychosocial issues of patients
and compare this therapy with cognitive-behavioral therapy on rumination.
Materials and Methods: In this analytical cross-sectional study, the study population included all
referred to specialized psychotherapy centers in the field of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
in Isfahan City, Iran, during spring and summer of 2019. This research consists of four stages. The
first stage was a qualitative research using a directional content analysis method through a semistructured
interview. The second stage was quantitatively done with a quantitative content analysis
method. The third stage was of validation type with Lawshe’s method, and the last stage used a
quasi-experimental method, pret-est/post-test type with a control group, and a follow-up period of
45 days. The subjects responded to the questionnaire based on the rumination response scale before
and after the intervention.
Results: The results of the first stage suggested 7 main themes. The second stage led us to the
development of a treatment package for schema therapy. The findings of the third study indicated
the validity of the package developed by the evaluators. The results of the fourth study showed
that the mean scores of rumination in the two experimental groups (schema therapy and cognitivebehavioral
therapy) significantly differed from the control group scores (P<0.01). Besides, based
on the results, schema therapy was more effective in reducing the rumination of patients compared
with cognitive-behavioral therapy (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Compared with cognitive-behavioral therapy, psychosocial-based schema therapy is
more ef fective in reducing the rumination of the patients.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/08/25 | Accepted: 2020/06/12 | Published: 2020/06/12

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