Volume 6, Issue 2 (Spring 2020)                   Caspian.J.Neurol.Sci 2020, 6(2): 100-107 | Back to browse issues page

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Rafiee S H, Taklavi S, Abolghasemi A, Ghalyanchi Langroodi H. Positive Group-psychotherapy in Multiple Sclerosis: The Effect on Psychological Symptoms and Quality of Life. Caspian.J.Neurol.Sci. 2020; 6 (2) :100-107
URL: http://cjns.gums.ac.ir/article-1-327-en.html
1- Department of Psychology, Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran
2- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
3- Department of Internal Medicine and Neurology, Ghaem International Hospital, Rasht, Iran
Abstract:   (393 Views)
Background: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is one of the disorders of the central nervous system which
creates many challenges for the psychological adjustment of patients all over the world.
Objectives: This research was performed to demonstrate the effect of positive group-psychotherapy
on reducing the psychological symptoms (depression, anxiety, and stress) and improving the quality
of life in women with MS.
Materials & Methods: The method of this research is quasi-experimental with pre-test, post-test,
and control group. A total of 30 women were selected through a convenient sampling method
from the patients of the MS-Society of Guilan Province, Iran. Then, they and randomly divided
into 2 equal groups (experimental and control). The study data were collected through Depression
Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS) and Multiple Sclerosis Impact Scale‐29 (MSIS) questionnaires. The
intervention process was performed for the experimental group as 8 training sessions of 90 minutes
long. The obtained data were analyzed by univariate analysis of covariance and multivariate
analysis of covariance in SPSS V. 24.
Results: The analysis showed that positive group-psychotherapy significantly modified the
depression, anxiety, stress (F=39.13, P<0.001), and quality of life (F=50.44, P<0.001) in the
experimental group.
Positive group-psychotherapy can be used as an effective and efficient psychotherapy
method to reduce and improve the psychological symptoms (depression, anxiety, and stress) of
women with multiple sclerosis and improve their quality of life
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/08/25 | Accepted: 2020/06/12 | Published: 2020/06/12

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